Pottery of the population of the Kulayka Culture (Surgut variant) in the settlement of Barsova Gora III/2: technology and traditions

Selin D.V., Chemyakin Yu.P.

VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   2 (57)  (2022)

https://doi.org/10.20874/2071-0437-2022-57-2-4

 

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Abstract

Barsova Gora is a unique complex of archaeological sites of the Neolithic Late Middle Ages. The representative body of the collected sources requires systematic analysis, primarily, of the pottery collections. This paper presents the results of technical and technological analysis of 50 vessels of the Kulayka Culture (Surgut variant) from different dwellings of the settlement of Barsova Gora III/2. The study of the technological markers was carried out with the aid of binocular microscopy of the surfaces and fractures of the ceramics, followed by the comparison with an experimental collection of technological markers. It has been determined that ferruginous lowsand clays were used as the raw ductile material. The main artificial admixture is represented by broken stone, while chamotte and organic substance are found in the clay paste only alongside the broken stone. It has been found that the principal recipe of the clay paste is clay + broken stone (64 %). The second most common recipe of the clay paste is clay + broken stone + chamotte (28 %). It is possible that the raw materials for the grus were imported from areas with stone outcrops, and/or unknown sources of stone from Barsova Gora and the surrounding area were used. The bottom and hollow body of the vessels were formed from laterally overlapping bands. External and internal surface treatments vary, and include 29 different combinations. A comparison of the pottery technology of the ceramics from the settlement of Barsova Gora III/2 with the pottery from the fortress of Barsov Gorodok III/6 showed their similarity. Differences appear in particular adaptive skills of the potters. These differences can be explained by active two-way contacts of the population of Barsova Gora III/2 with the representatives of other archaeological cultures who lived in this territory, and by the started processes of mingling of the pottery technology.

Keywords: Surgut Ob region, Barsova Gora, Early Iron Age, Kulayka Culture, ceramics, technical and technological analysis

 

Funding. The study was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (No. 20-18-00111).

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Accepted: 03.03.2021

Article is published: 15.06.2022

 

Selin D.V.,  Novosibirsk State University, Pirogova st., 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation; Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, SB RAS, prosp. Akad. Lavrentieva, 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation, E-mail: selin@epage.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6939-2917

 

Chemyakin Yu.P., Ural State Pedagogical University, prosp. Kosmonavtov, 26, Yekaterinburg, 620017, Russian Federation, E-mail: yury-che@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1386-2510