Paleodemography of the Altyn-Asar burial grounds (concerning migrations in the Lower Syrdarya Basin) 

Mednikova M.B., Chechetkina O.Yu., Petrova K.A., Tarasova A.A.

 

VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   4 (59)  (2022)

 

https://doi.org/10.20874/2071-0437-2022-59-4-10

 

              page 118131

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Abstract

Jetyasar archaeological culture was discovered and studied by the Khorezm expedition of the Institute of Ethnography of USSR. According to archeological data, this culture experienced many times transformations due to the influx of new population groups. This article presents for the first time complete data on paleodemography of samples from nineteen burial grounds of Altyn-Asar 4at, Kosasar 2 and Tompakasar, taking into account fractional chronological differentiation. We examined anthropological materials from over 600 burials in the storage of the Institute of Archeology RAS. In total samples from Altyn-Asar 4 of the 2nd c. BC. 4th century was mentioned to the weak numerical predominance of females. The sex ratio in favor of males changed in the 4th6th centuries. The average age at death of the adult population decreased by the 6th century, primarily among men. Data on separate cemeteries allow a more differentiated assessment of the chronological dynamics of demographic indicators. The numerical predominance of male burials was found: in the 2nd c. BC. 4th c. AD in burial grounds Kosasar 2, Altyn-Asar 4 m; in the 4th6th c. in the Altyn-Asar necropolises 4a, b, o, v. In opposite to the most groups, the Kosasar 2 sample stands out with its demographic profile and increased average age of death for males and females. According to archeological data, it may be associated with Xiongnu migration. In 2nd4th centuries the number of this group was falling, it showed a decrease in life expectancy for men, however, for this period, it seems to be comparable the maximal one. Their antagonists during this period were representatives of other group of incomers, buried in necropolis AA4m, with a low life expectancy for males and females. Despite the supposed influx of newcomers, it is obvious that the genetic continuity of a part of the Jetyasar population, which probably belonged to influential local clans (the necropolises of Altyn-Asar4l and later Altyn-Asar4r), might be evident.

Keywords: Eastern Aral, Jetyasar archaeological culture, Iron Age, early mediaeval, chronological dynamics of paleodemographic features.

 

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the RSF project No. 22-28-00630 The population of the Eastern Aral Sea region in the era of migrations of the 1st millennium according to an anthropological source.

 

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Accepted: 29.09.2021

Article is published: 15.12.2022

 

Mednikova M.B., Institute of Archeology RAS, Dm. Ulyanova st., 19, Moscow, 117292, Russian Federation, E-mail: medma_pa@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1918-2161

 

Chechetkina O.Yu., Institute of Archeology RAS, Dm. Ulyanova st., 19, Moscow, 117292, Russian Federation, E-mail: chechyotkina91@bk.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4880-1080

 

Petrova K.A., Institute of Archeology RAS, Dm. Ulyanova st., 19, Moscow, 117292, Russian Federation, E-mail: kriss150294@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3151-4269

 

Tarasova A.A., Institute of Archeology RAS, Dm. Ulyanova st., 19, Moscow, 117292, Russian Federation, E-mail: taa-volga@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5469-2629