VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   ╣ 3 (38)  (2017)

└rchaeology

 

The medieval settlement of Isetskoie 2 in the Iset river basin

Berlina S.V., Kostomarov V.M., Rafikova T.N. (Tyumen, Russian Federation), Novikov I.K. (Kurgan, Russian Federation), Tkachev └.└. (Tyumen, Russian Federation)

 

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The article deals with materials of excavations at Isetskoie 2, an unfortified settlement of the Middle Ages, located in the Lower Iset River basin. The published materials are important due to poor previous study of unfortified settlements of the Bakal culture. The place is single-layered which makes it a valuable source for reconstruc-ting house-building traditions and material culture of the Medieval population of the forest-steppe zone of the Trans-Urals. A representative series of radiocarbon dates allows us to refresh a problem of chronology of the Medieval antiquities of the Tobol-Ishim interfluve, indicating that the Bakal culture functioned throughout the Early and High Middle Ages. Fifteen buildings were studied during excavations at the settlement, three types of buil-dings were distinguished: above-ground buildings with log-framed or light-framed walls and deepened framed and pillared buildings. Dwellings erected in log technique were found at a site of the Bakal culture for the first time. Among the buildings, both temporary seasonal dwellings and outbuildings are singled out. The ceramic material of the settlement is represented by vessels of the Bakal culture, separate fragments of Kushnarenkovo dishes which often accompany the Bakal complexes in the territory of Western Siberia, are found as well. Statistical analysis of the ceramic material and a series of radiocarbon dates indicate that the settlement functioned for a long period of time, in the IIIľXII centuries AD. A lack of system in arrangement of the buildings, weak saturation of the cultural layer, absence of fireplaces inside the buildings, characteristics of the inventory allow us to conclude that the settlement was seasonal.

 

Key words: Middle Ages, forest-steppe Trans-Urals, the Bakal culture, dwellings, ceramics, chronology.

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2017-38-3-029-040

 

 

02.10.2017

 

S.V. Berlina

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: svb82@mail.ru

 

V.M. Kostomarov

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: vkostomarov@yandex.ru

 

T.N. Rafikova

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: tnrafikova@yandex.ru

 

I.K. Novikov

Kurgan State University, Gogol st., 25, Kurgan, 640669, Russian Federation

E-mail: novikov2479@mail.ru

 

└.└. Tkachev

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: sever626@mail.ru