BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 2 (17) (2012)
Discovery and ethnographic-archaeological investigation of contacting zones with aboriginals of West Siberia
The paper considers a question on a possibility of discovering and further analysis of contacting territories with population of West Siberia, using written, ethnographic, archaeological, toponymic, and cartographic data. Basing on materials by G. F. Miller collected by him in the basin of the Ob and Irtysh rivers and their tributaries in 1740, the author shows several contacting zones of different type. The paper also considers an algorithm of working with sources and perspectives of its development.
Ethnographic and archaeological complex, contacting zone, aboriginals of Siberia.
Byelikova Î.B., Zinchenko À.S.
Smoking accessories of XVII–XIX cc. from the taiga Low Chulym basin (South of West Siberia): pipes
One of the categories regarding attributes of tobacco smoking with Chulym Turki were smoking pipes from archaeological sites of XVII–XIX cc. In the taiga Low Chulym basin (south of West Siberia), the earliest finding of a pipe head relates to a Bukhara type, probably dating back to about the middle of XVII c. The Chulym Turki got acquainted with tobacco («Chinese ball») and smoking accessories in XVII c., most probably through Selkups. Later on, in XVIII–XIX cc., there were mainly pipes of a Bukhara type occurring with the Chulym Turki, together with appearance of pipes of a Russian type.
Tobacco, smoking pipes, West Siberia, taiga Low Chulym basin, Chulym Turki, archaeological sources.
Manakov À.G., Potapova K.N.
Pskov Setu: controversial points on their origin
The article considers different points of view regarding origin of Baltic-Finnish people of Setu inhabiting Pechora District, Pskov Oblast of Russia and the extreme south-east of Estonia. It is determined that a decisive role in the formation of Setu was played by political borders which since XIII century had cut Setu ancestors from Estonians and later on developed into a confessional barrier. The attention is paid at insufficiency of modern scientific data for final decision of a question on the origin of Setu.
Setu, minor people, Estonians, Finno-Ugrians, Pskov and Pechora monastery, toponymy, confessional border, ethnic identity.
Liskevich N.A., Masharipova A.Kh.
Shaping and circulation of Komi groups on the territory îf Yalutorovsk uyezd, Tobolsk province in XIX c. — early XX c.
Basing on analysis of materials of census papers from All-Russian census of 1897 and data of metric books from churches of Yalutorovsk uyezd, Tobolsk province, subject to specification being a territory of the initial habitation by Komi (Zyryans), their family composition and settlements in Yalutorovsk uyezd where the Komi migrants settled down. A comparison of the sources allowed to determine that in the census materials it was Russian fixed as a native language with part of the Komi migrants, in other words, their number at the end of XIX c. was in fact bigger than testified by official data.
Êomi, migrations, family composition, displacement, All-Russian census of 1897, Yalutorovsk uyezd.
A feminine costume with Komi from the Low Tobol basin in the first half of XX c.
Basing on field materials, the article considers details of making and existence of a feminine costume with a migrant Komi group on the territory of the Low Tobol basin. It is found that already since XX c. a traditional costume underwent changes accompanied by appearance of new elements and forms connected with influence of «city» fashion. By the 1940s, a traditional costume practically disappeared from use. In the second half of XX c. traditions of making, cut, décor, silhouette, manner of wear of a feminine costume have been never reproduced.
Êîmi from the Low Tobol basin, feminine costume, unbleached linen clothing, coarse heavy clothing, sheepskins, leather and felt footwear, headwear.