BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ╣ 1 (12) (2010)
Under the investigation of the findings from the foreshore of the Irtysh river near the settlement of Baigara (58º 02΄ North latitude, 68º 51΄ East longitude) subject to discovery being an ankle bone (os talus) of a human being. Paleozoological context of the finding, together with radiocarbon date (older than 40 300 years ago), attribute the existence of its possessor to a period of 55ľ40 thousand years ago. The analysis showed that the investigated bone belongs to an adult male. According to its morphological structure, the ankle bone from the location of Baigara considerably differs from Neanderthal ankle bones, permitting to identify its bearer as a human being of modern physical type.
A human being of modern physical type, Neanderthal men, West Siberia, Pleistocene, paleo-geography, mammals.
The article is devoted to the investigation of paleoanthropological data from burials of the Lolino archaeological culture of the steppe Cis-Caucasus recently singled out on the basis of the Bronze Age sites belonging to final stage of catacomb culture in the south of Russia. The intra-group correlation revealed a considerable morphological heterogeneity of the Lolino series skulls. The inter-group analysis permitted to determine that craniological sampling of the Lolino culture represents an intermediate morphological complex, combining craniometrical characteristics of the representatives of the previous East Manych catacomb culture and the following felling culture of the Azov-and-Caspian steppe.
Anthropology, archaeology, the Lolino culture, Bronze Age.